When it comes to your dog’s eye health, it is important to make sure that you understand the various different types of ailments that can affect your dog’s sight. Glaucoma in dogs is one of the most common eye problems that canines face. Glaucoma is essentially an elevation of pressure in the eye. It can affect their vision, and it can even lead to blindness. There are two categories of this condition, including both primary glaucoma and secondary glaucoma.
Primary glaucoma is more common in certain purebred dogs, and it is thought to be hereditary. Here are a few breeds that are more prone to this condition:
- Norwegian Elkhounds
- Cocker Spaniels
- Basset Hound
Secondary glaucoma is typically a result of some other underlying medical condition. Eye injury, intraocular tumors, inflammation and lens dislocation are all common ailments that lead to secondary glaucoma.
Getting a proper diagnosis early on is important, because when and if there is permanent damage done to the optic nerve, restoration of vision is not possible. If you have early, aggressive treatment, vision may not be lost. If you suspect any vision issues, contact your vet immediately.
Diagnosing Glaucoma in Dogs
Diagnosing glaucoma in dogs is based on a few different tests that can be done in your veterinarian’s office. They will take a look at their medical history and site any clinical signs that may be evident. They will also do some eye exams to rule out any other issues that may be causing your pup problems.
Here are a few of the clinical signs and symptoms that your vet will look for:
- excessive tears
- green or yellow discharge
- reddened eyes
- large pupils
- excessive sleeping
- excessive irritability
Prognosis of Glaucoma in Dogs
If your dog has been diagnosed with glaucoma, you probably want to know about the outlook when it comes to your dog’s overall health. Glaucoma is typically not ever diagnosed early enough to prevent any sort of vision damage (especially in at least the affected eye). Once you get a diagnosis, it is so very important for you to follow through with any recommendations that your vet may give you. If you do this, then you will be able to reduce the risk of surgery and loss of vision. That doesn’t mean that it is a guarantee, but aggressive treatment is a must.
Glaucoma in dogs is one of the leading causes of blindness in canines. Since it is so difficult to treat, it is important that you stay on top of your dog’s regular healthcare. If you are concerned, don’t wait around. You don’t want to wait until it is too late.